Types of photos
The first photograph was taken in 1822, and since then photography has firmly entered our life, finding application in various areas of human life. Since the first picture appeared, the photograph, and the process of its creation, have received significant development. Various types of photographs and their genres are used in scientific and applied human activities, artistic and publicistic.
A bit of history
Returning to the history of the appearance of the photograph, it is impossible not to mention that the oldest of the surviving images was subsidized in 1826 and was made by J. Niepce. The process of exposure at that time lasted more than 8 hours. The very term “photography”, which comes from ancient Greek – light painting, appeared 13 years later. Since the appearance of the first black and white photographs, photography has evolved and improved thanks to inventors and scientists from different parts of the world. The desire to get a photo in color was realized in 1862 thanks to the British physicist J. Maxwell. From the beginning of the 20th century, photographs became available to ordinary people, when photographic plates patented by the Lumiere Brothers appeared on the market, allowing to receive color photographs. Such types of photographs as color and black-and-white since then and to this day actively coexist. The process of making a photo in the first half of the 20th century took considerable time, but that all changed in 1948, when the Palaroid company released the first camera that allows you to take snapshots.
The end of the twentieth century can be called the time of digital photography, which since 1990 (when Kodak released the first digital camera) has become an indispensable companion for people all over the world. It is the digital method of information transformation that allowed us to force out the film form of its display from the majority of applications.
Considering the peculiarities of more than a century of photography history, it is fashionable to single out its different types according to individual characteristics.
Types of photos
The first sign that suggests itself is the color of the photo: black and white or color.
Depending on the principle of obtaining photographs, they distinguish: film photograph, digital photograph, electrographic photograph.
Given the nature of the perception of the image in the photograph, distinguish between flat and stereoscopic (three-dimensional) photograph.
Depending on the type of activity in which it is used, we can distinguish the following types of photographs: scientific, publicistic, artistic.
In accordance with the nature of the depicted object, photographs are divided into genres.
The following genres of photographs are distinguished:
Landscape – a type of photograph that captures the elements of nature. This may be a rural landscape (forest, pond, field), sea, or urban landscape (streets, architecture).
Portrait photos – types of photos that represent the image of a person or several people. Portraits are divided into individual, pair and group.
Street photography refers to the documentary view and displays people in public places.
Reporting is a genre of photography, which is to capture the interesting moments of life.
A genre photo displays a plot or action.
Along with the presented genres, they also distinguish advertising, documentary photography, as well as the genre of reproduction, photo-hunting and macro photography.